The Wax and Wane of Moon Phase Gardening
Moon phase gardening follows the simple idea that the same gravitational cycles that control the tides move all the smaller waters of the Earth (albeit on a less visible scale). As the moon waxes, the water table rises in the earth, and in the vascular structures of plants. Seeds absorb moisture more readily and germinate more quickly. As the moon wanes, water is sent deeper into the earth and vitality returns to the roots.
The waxing moon consists of the first and second quarters, and is a good time to plant any annuals that bear above the ground, and to graft, clone, and propagate.
The waning moon (the third and fourth quarters) is the time to focus on the roots & soil. Plant root crops, biennials, and perennials; also fertilize, mulch, weed, and control pests.
Paying attention to these cycles of the earth’s breath can help bring us in touch with the life-rhythms of our ancestors—going back millennia, farmers on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean have planted, weeded, pruned, and harvested according to the rhythms of the moon.